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Exploring The Atmosphere Crossword Puzzle

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Exploring the Atmosphere

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2 A Large volume of air defined by its temperature and water vapor content.
4 The rising of water from the bottom. Brings up nutrients
6 average weather conditions over time (30 years)
8 last layer of atmosphere, temp decreases, air molecules escape atmosphere
10 Also known as a typhoon. A severe tropical cyclone that starts in the equatorial regions of the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, or eastern regions of the Pacific Ocean and is usually associated with heavy rains and winds.
11 distance in degrees north or south of the equator; i.e., 0 at the equator to 90 (N and S) at the poles.
13 warmer conditions on east coast of Americas that create a warmer and rainier climate, warm water is distributed
15 an increase in temperature with height above the Earth's surface, which is a reversal of the normal pattern.
19 solar radiation passes through atmosphere, some reflected, some absorbed by greenhouse gases, warming of earth's surface
20 the prevailing winds in the middle latitudes between 35 and 65 latitude, blowing from the high-pressure area in the horse latitudes toward the poles. Wind chill based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by the combined effects of wi
22 the transfer of heat by the mass movement of heated particles into an area of cooler fluid
23 narrow wind current near poles
24 the air and winds that move east to west or vice versa
25 a colorless, odorless, and very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon (CO)
26 advancing mass of cold air
27 low precipitation on leeward side of a mountain when prevailing winds flow up and over a high mountain range, creating semiarid/arid conditions
28 A zone of weak winds that exists in the center of the swirling vortex of a hurricane or typhoon
29 imaginary lines drawn through the north and south poles that are used to measure distance east and west. Greenwich, England, is designated as 0.
30 International treaty ratified in 1987 in which 180 signatory nations agreed to restrict production of chlorofluorocarbons in order to forestall stratospheric ozone depletion
31 giant, rotating tropical storms, strong winds, causes upward spiral of massive clouds
32 The direction from which the wind is coming from.
33 average wind direction over a particular point
34 cooler than normal sea-surface temps in central and eastern tropical Pacific ocean that impact global weather patterns
35 10-50km, Ozone at bottom of layer, temp increases with distance, air is less dense
39 the ratio (expressed as a percentage) of the amount of water in the air at a given temperature to the maximum amount it could hold at that temperature.
43 The force per unit area exerted by the weight of air above a surface.
44 storms with lots of heavy rain, form especially near coast
45 short term changes in atmosphere variables: temp, precipitation, wind and pressure
46 the atmospheric temp below which water droplets begin to condense and dew can form
47 advancing warm air replacing cooler air mass
1 rotation of earth causes moving objects to deflect along their paths
3 narrow wind current near 30 degrees
5 rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground
7 narrow zone of rapidly dropping temp
9 layer from ground to 10km, where weather occurs, air is most dense
12 The gases surrounding the earth.
14 hadley, Farrel, Polar cells, system of air that rises which hot and drops when cooled
15 temp increases, ultraviolet, x-ray radiation is absorbed by molecules, radio waves bounce, ISS
16 A device for measuring air pressure
17 narrow high speed currents of wind that occur in upper troposphere
18 emitted from sun, electromagnetic energy
21 The ratio of the amount of radiation reflected by a body to the amount of light that shines on it.
25 heat transfer from high to low energy
36 legislation that set stricter standards for air quality, put limits on emissions, funded research, and introduced market-based incentives Climate the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time Cold Front forms when cold air m
37 the difference in wind speed and direction over a relatively short distance in the atmosphere.
38 a tropical storm in region of Indian or western Pacific oceans
40 the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere.
41 convection cell in which air rises at equator and sinks at medium latitudes
42 middle layer of atmosphere, temp decreases, meteors burn up here
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