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Earth Sciences Crosswords

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Title Instructions / Description Sample Puzzle Hints Difficulty
The Water Cycle Where water is stored in the sky. Water in gas form. Water caught by builings and vegetation before reaching the ground. The movement of water between stores. The transfer of water droplets to the land. Big
Invertebrates extinct index fossil, spiral shaped shell that extends as they grow, old house buoyancy. extinct cnidarian, made reefs during paleozoic, called 'horn corals'. have 5-fold symmetry, include crinoids, starfish, sea lilies, can grow back missing parts. single cell polyps that built large reef structures with horizontal floor levels. look like plants, stem attaches to sea floor, lots of little feeding arms. Hard
Layers of the Earth a type of fault in which rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or downward motion. the theory that pieces of earth's of earth's lithosphere are in constant motion,driven by convention currents in the mantle . the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. stress that squeezes until it folds or breaks. the name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 years ago and gave rise to todays continents. Big
Geography Hawaii is a place they can errupt but hardly often at all. Always the colour of grass. weather conditions. Smaller than the solar system but bigger than a country . Homophone for sight. Older Children
Land and Water Forms a hill or ridge made of sand that is shaped by the wind. a deep valley with steep sides often carved by a stream or river. a slow-moving and frozen block of ice made from falling snow. a low, watery area at the mouth of a river that is filled with pieces of soil that flow down from the river. a low area of land next to a river that can flood. Older Children
Earth Movements place in Earth where the energy of an earthquake is first released. one of the seven large land masses on Earth. instrument for measuring the strength of an earthquake. crack in Earth's crust. changes the Earth's surface slowly. Big
Earthquake Fill in each section to the best of your ability using your understanding of earthquakes. The amount of shaking on a seismograph. Represented by the height of the largest spike.. True location of the earthquake.. Type of surface wave that moves similar to a ripples of water in the ocean.. Device used to measure the intensity of an earthquake.. A fracture or crack within the Earth's crust that allows movement. . Very Difficult
Layers of the Earth begins beneath the crust and the lower mantle . one of the five layers of the atmosphere surrounding the planet earth . the crust and the uppermost mantle. the layer of the earth lie below the lithosphere . thin layer of the earth . Older Children
Environmental Science : A sequence of organisms through which energy captured from sunlight by photosynthesis is transferred from one consumer to the next. The accumulation of seasonal weather patterns in an area over a long period of time.. Non-living; usually applied to the physical and chemical aspects of an organismís environment. an animal that kills and eats other animals. An individual liable to be, or actually, consumed (killed) by a predator. Big
Volcanoes Solve the cross word. this determines how explosive a volcanoes eruption is. a bowl shaped opening of a volcano. liquid magma that reaches the surface. an area where magma deep in the mantle melts through the crust above it. a volcano that will most likely never erupt again. Hard
Ecosystem Land along a coastline, extending inland from an estuary that is covered with salt water all or part of the year. Examples are marshes, bays, lagoons, tidal flats, and mangrove swamps. a group of organisms interrelated by the fact that each member of the group feeds upon the one below it. symbiotic relationship between two organisms of different species, in which one of the organisms benefits while the other remains unaffected. the sum of all living organisms in a given area.. biome with enough average annual precipitation (at least 76 centimeters,or 30 inches) to support growth of various species of trees and smaller forms of vegetation. Hard
Earth's Systems mostly solid, rocky part of Earth.. is between the thermosphere and stratosphere.. a mixture of mostly invisible gases.. lay er air between the mesosphere and the troposphere.. is the lowest layer of the atmosphere.. Older Children
Earth Science large, bright feature extending outward from the Sun's surface. reaction in which atomic nuclei of low atomic number fuse to form a heavier nucleus with the release of energy.. it makes up about 99% of the body's atoms. it is the center of the sun. each of two regions of intense radiation partly surrounding the earth at heights of several thousand kilometers.. Big
Environmental Issues and Effects Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other halogenated substances (ODS) are mainly responsible for.... the consumption of a resource faster than it can be replenished. Evidence of increasing air pollution is seen in (illness). the rise or fall in the temperature of a natural body of water caused by human influence. caused by the injurious smoke emitted by cars, buses, trucks, trains, and factories. Big
Plant Reproduction crossword puzzle marks the attachment of the ovule to the ovary. a food storage tissue. male reproductive structure. union ofthe sperm and egg cell. pollen producing organ of the flower. Hard
Earth and Space Use the 'Earth and Space' clues to work out the crossword. Dude in space. Enables communication on earth. Twinkle, twinkle little ______. Meeting point of astronauts. Orbiter of the sun. Very Difficult
Volcanos a material found in magma that is formed from the elements oxygen and silicon. its the primary substance of earths crust and mantle. liquid magma that reaches the surface. a bowl shaped area that forms around a volcanos central opening. an area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through the crust above it. term used to describe a volcano that is no longer active and unlikley to erupt again. Hard
Coasts When the sea loses energy, it drops the sand, rock particles and pebbles that it has been carrying, depositing them.. A weaker wave. Adding more sand or shingle widens the beach and waves lose power travelling across it. Waves can erode the coastline in a similar way to the water in rivers. This usually occurs when the sea takes lots of energy from the power of destructive waves.. This may be formed behind a spit. Hard
Climate Change /Energy Resources Present in fixed amounts and cannot be replenished over short time spans human lifetime. Naturally replaced by the growth of organisms or by natural physical processes. The use of dams for storing water and using gravity to generate kinetic energy. Energy that travels through space in waves form are called . This is expressed as a percentage or decimal fraction of total incoming energy that is reflected from a surface. Big
Ecosystem Interaction and Change an organism which makes its own food through photosynthesis. this type of succession happens in an area that has been damaged but still has soil. the hunter. this type of succession happens in an area that was previously barren rock. meat eater. Big
Systems: Earth the geological process in which sediments, soil and rocks are added to a landform through wind or ice. the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period of time. a limited supply of a resource. The supply comes from the earth itself, and it takes millions of years to develop. the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle. a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms. Big
Lithosphere A long, narrow depression in the sea floor running parallel to a plate boundary. The process that sand and soil go through to get added to a land mass.. Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure.. P-waves are a type of elastic wave, and are one of the two main types of elastic body waves, called seismic waves in seismology, that travel through a continuum and are the first waves from an earthquake to arrive at a seismograph.. A break in a body of rock.. Big
Waves Used to split up and diffract light projected against it. Property of a sound waver that determines pitch. Property of a sound wave that determines loudness. n1 x sinƟ1 = n2 x sinƟ2. Part of a sting that does not move in a standing wave. Very Difficult
Physical Processes Crossword on Physical Processess acting on coasts. Material is laid down when waves do not have enough energy to carry it anymore.. Acidic rainwater causes rocks to gradually weaken. Repeated freezing and thawing of water in cracks.. Plants grow in cracks and weaken the rocks. Water soaks into permeable rocks and that weaker rock slides off impermeable rock. Big
Climate Change a gas produced in landfills and rice fields. a food produced near . a group of people who travel together in a car. something that causesdamage to the environment. a gas produced by burning fossil fuels. Big
Water Cycle Solve using the hints, use every word once getting rid of liquid waste. Legislation that strengthened the health standards for drinking water and protects water sources from pollution. a scientist who tests the water we drink.. water that cannot be absorbed into the ground. The contamination of water by the discharge of harmful substances.. Hard
Earth History By: Haley Ramsey The action of deposing someone.. The two sublayers of the earthís crust (lithosphere) that move, float, and sometimes fracture and whose interaction causes continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches.. A fossil that is useful for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found.. Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure.. Be broken by a fault or faults.. Very Difficult
Mountains Hawaii islands are . Where most rocky mountains come from. Large amount of magma pushes below the earth's crust. Builds up to form a mountain. Formed by earth's internal activity which erosion . Big
Earths History A formal statement to be used as evidence . Also called zone fossil. Is a system of chronological dating used by geologist . Molten rock expelled by a volcano. A brake and a body of rock. Very Difficult
Wind and Deserts, Oceans and Shoelines dune that forms long ridges perpendicular to wind direction, abundant sand. broad flat-topped erosional remnant with steep slopes on all sides. structure pier/wharf influences current/tide, protects harbor or shoreline from erosion. spit that has grown till it closes off bay from open sea or lake. beveled surface that slopes gently seaward formed by erosion/retreat of sea cliff. Big
Wind and Deserts dune that forms long ridges perpendicular to wind direction, abundant sand. broad flat-topped erosional remnant with steep slopes on all sides. crescent-shaped dune, tips point downwind, constant wind, limited sand, most mobile. left behind after wind has removed finer grain material, protects underlying material. dune in coastal areas, abundant sand, tips point upwind, has vegetation. Big
Earth History Solve the puzzle below The geological process in which sediments, soil and rocks are added to a landform or land mass. The two sub-layers of the earth's crust. A fossil that is useful for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found. Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. Be broken by a fault or faults. Very Difficult
Earthquake bends resulting in a wrinkling in layered bedrock . when there is relative movement between the rocks on either side of a fracture the crack is called a ____.. the small changes in length and volume associated with deformation of the earth by tectonic stresses or by the passage of seismic waves. an arch-shaped fold . principle of uniformity is often represented by a statement that 'the present is the key to the past.'. Older Children
Environmental community of interacting organisms and their physical environment. heat from the Earth. he total mass of organisms in a given area or volume.. massive nucleus splits into smaller nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy. a resource of economic value that cannot be readily replaced by natural means on a level equal to its consumption. Hard
Water Cycles When water is transferred to a river quickly the resultant hydrograph is described as... and it is more likely to flood.. Water droplets must condense on even tinier dust, salt, or smoke particles to form.... Where there is transfer of energy, but not matter with the surroundings e.g. Planet Earth. The movement of water from the surface downwards into the soil.. Snowball effect, continuing or even accelerating a change in a system.. Hard
Earth & Space Science This is a pattern in the sky formed by stars.. This is a massive, gravitionally bound system consisting of stars, interstellar gas and dust, and dark matter. This is the utilization of radiation from the sun.. This number is the length of a vector. It is always positive.. This is the amount energy coming off the surface of a star. Older Children
Great Barrier Reef complete puzzle in a animated film. living thing. a big grey animal . its a type of snake . hot and cold . Older Children
Sedimentary Rock The dropping of rock when wind or water slows down or ice melts.. A fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud and a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny pieces.. Forms from the remains of plants and animals.. Rock made by sediments that are mechanically weathered, transported and deposited.. The movement of sediments to a new location.. Big
Wave Characteristics The number of waves that pass by in one second.. The height of each wave.. The bottom of the wave.. Waves that need a medium to transfer from one place to another. . Waves that move from left to right, while pushing forwards and backwards like a spring. These waves don't need a medium to move.. Big
Earth Science a deposit, usually of calcium carbonate, shaped like an icicle, hanging from the roof of a cave or the like, andformed by the dripping of percolating calcareous water. . an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly.. something that drains or flows off, as rain that flows off from the land in streams.. surface resistance to relative motion, as of a body sliding or rolling.. a stream that flows to a larger stream or other body of water.. Older Children
Earth History The action of deposing someone.. The two sublayers of the earthís crust (lithosphere) that move, float, and sometimes fracture and whose interaction causes continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches.. A fossil that is useful for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found.. Hot molten or semi-fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure.. Be broken by a fault or faults.. Very Difficult
Earth science Clifts results of erosion. large land form that stretches above the surrounding land. A mountain or a hill with a craiter or vent for lava. Low area of land between mountain or hills. A large cavity in the ground. Easy
Volcanic Eruptions use the hints at the bottom of the page to fill in the crossword The substance that cakes the sky after a volcanic explosion. A type of scientist that studies volcanoes. A type of volcano that is made up of layers of lava and ash. A tool used by scientists to monitor volcanoes. The scale used to measure volcanic explosivity. Hard
Water Cycle water that flows across the land collects in the lakes that evenutully lead to the ocean. millions of water droplets. a mixture of gases that surround the earth. water that is constantly recyeled through nature. The process in which plants release water vapor into the air. Big
Earth's Layers Layer of the Earth that is made of a different mixture of chemicals.. Denser type of crust.. Made mostly of iron and nickel.. Strong, lower part of the mantle.. Outermost, rigid layer of Earth.. Big
Photosynthesis The organelle in which photosynthesis occurs.. Stores water and other molecules.. Only _____________ plants can photosynthesize.. A stack of Thylakoids.. The food plants produce.. Hard
Mountain Types You may you words more than once. Volcanic mountains are also know as what?. What is created when magma is pushed up but never reacher the surface and cools and hardens?. What mountains tend to be in a shape of a dome?. Mt. Fuji is a volcano but is also know as a what?. What type of erosion creates a plateau mountain?. Hard
Earthquakes and Volcanoes place in Earth where the energy of an earthquake is first released. magma that has reached the Earth's surface. a tool that keeps track of the vibrations from an earthquake. to break through; to force out suddenly and violently. cone-shaped hill/mountain made of volcanic ash. Big
Identifying Minerals A raw iron.. Scientists who inventory and monitor the Earth's fresh water.. Structure used to honor important people and events.. Study mineral formations.. Regular, flat surfaces on broken minerals.. Very Difficult
Habitats and Communities Read the clues below and fill in the correct answers the part of the plant that carries water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves. something humans do to harm the enivronment. the part of the plant where they turn sunlight into food energy. the underground part of the plant that absorbs water and minerals from the soil. something found in nature and can be used by people. Big
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