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Geology Crosswords

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Title Instructions / Description Sample Puzzle Hints Difficulty
Canyons A deep valley with steep sides, often with a stream flowing through it.. A canyon in the U.S., well known for it's hoodoos.. A underwater canyon.. A type of canyon that is formed by flash floods - usually has a very skinny opining, but can be hundreds of feet deep.. A canyon in southern Peru.. Big
Changes to the Earth's Surface Landform created when the wind moves and deposits sand into piles.. Dropping sediment in a new place.. A mass of ice that stays frozen throughout the year and moves downhill.. The process by which water seeps into a crack in a rock, freezes and then thaws weakening the sides and eventually breaking it.. The scattered remains of something destroyed.. Older Children
Crystals Complete the crossword and show what you know about crystals. Crystalline solids cannot be __________ into smaller shapes.. Crystalline solids have _____ faces when cleaved or sheared.. Has particles that are randomly organized.. Has a regular repeating pattern.. The smallest repeating structure of a solid is called a __________ cell.. Big
Deserts Another name for a stony desert. A plant that flowers for one year. A plant with a lifespan of at least two years. A place animals dig to keep cool. The temperature that the desert can be at night. Big
Earth Hot magma that comes out of a volcano.. Very large areas of land; there are seven _________ on Earth.. The center of Earth.. A blanket of gases, including oxygen, on the surface of planet Earth.. The outer layer of Earth.. Older Children
Earth History The action of deposing someone.. The two sublayers of the earthís crust (lithosphere) that move, float, and sometimes fracture and whose interaction causes continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches.. A fossil that is useful for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found.. Hot molten or semi-fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure.. Be broken by a fault or faults.. Very Difficult
Earth Layers The transfer of heat to the surface of the earth from the inner core, causing the tectonic plates to shift. The hard, broken layer of the mantle that carries all the continents and sits on the asthenosphere. Density gets higher the farther into the earth. The soft layer of the mantle that the Lithosphere rests on, convection currents run through it. The outermost layer of the earth that we stand on. Hard
Earth Layers The Earth's ocean is mostly made up of _____.. This includes the Earth's crust and the solid outer structure.. Part of the Earth's upper mantle.. Earth's land is mostly made up of _______.. The Earth's most outer layer. Older Children
Earth Science Major geological events that occur when plates shift suddenly and release stored energy; a frequent occurrence at transform boundaries. The cool, rigid, outermost layer of Earth consists of the crust and the uppermost part of the mantle. ovement of plates create dense oceanic crust that sinks lower in the asthenosphere than the less dense continental crust, resulting in depressions on Earth's surface that fill with water. an upper layer of the mantle that causes movement of the lithosphere because of its plasticity. The thin solid outermost layer of Earth; made of less dense silicates. Hard
Earth Science a large crack in Earth's crust. the way a rock or mineral breaks. a flat-topped underwater peak. scientific theory that attempts to explain continental drift. physical features of a land surface. Older Children
Earth Science magma the comes above the earths surface. a large crack in the earths surface. the way a rock or mineral breaks . a flat topped underwater peak. scientific theory that attemps to explain continental drift . Hard
Earth Science Complete the puzzle. the powdery residue left after volcano's explosion. a circular depression in the ground caused by volcanic activity. It is typically a basin, circular in form within which occurs a vent (or vents) from which magma erupts as gases, lava, etc.. hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this.. an actively deforming region where two (or more) tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide. a linear feature that exists between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other.. Big
Earth science Clifts results of erosion. large land form that stretches above the surrounding land. A mountain or a hill with a craiter or vent for lava. Low area of land between mountain or hills. A large cavity in the ground. Easy
Earth Science a deposit, usually of calcium carbonate, shaped like an icicle, hanging from the roof of a cave or the like, andformed by the dripping of percolating calcareous water. . an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly.. something that drains or flows off, as rain that flows off from the land in streams.. surface resistance to relative motion, as of a body sliding or rolling.. a stream that flows to a larger stream or other body of water.. Older Children
Earth Sciences Earthquake & Plate Tectonics shakes particles. where an earthquake starts. deformed rocks reaction. where the movement has occured. driven by convection currents in the mantle. Hard
Earth's Crust is trace of ancients organism that has been preserved i rock . the continents were joined together in a supercontinent . measure of how much mass there is in a given volume of a substance . process by which the ocean floor sinks beneath a deep ocean trench and back into the mantle . plates move apart or diverge . Older Children
Earth's Layers Layer of the Earth that is made of a different mixture of chemicals.. Denser type of crust.. Made mostly of iron and nickel.. Strong, lower part of the mantle.. Outermost, rigid layer of Earth.. Big
Earth's Structures an instrument for automatically detecting and recording the intensity, direction and duration of the ground. an igneous rock thst forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface. an area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through the crust above it. a type of rock that forms from the remains of plants and animals that are pressed and cemented together. the process by which water, ice, wind and gravity moves weathered particles of rock ans soil. Hard
Earthquakes rocks brake and move. do not travel as fast as p waves. detacts and measures seismic waves. plates. travel fastest. Hard
Fold Mountains mountains in europe. what types of rocks fold. mountains in north america . an example of a sedimentary rock. a type of fold . Big
Fossils Formed when dissolved minerals filled a mold and hardened. Helps determine the age of a rock layer. No longer exists. Age in millions of years of the dinosaur on page 10. This is the only type of rock to have fossils. Older Children
Fossils animal that eats mean. a fossil dig site located in the middle of Los Angeles. a person who has expert knowledge in one or more of the natural or physical sciences. a type of wolf that lived in North America . animal that eats plants. Big
Freshwater Lakes organisms that create their own food . system of interlocking and interdependent food chains. a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a system.. organisms that could live on land and water . small streams or rivers that flow into larger ones. Older Children
Geographical Features the solid surface of the earth that lies under the ocean.. a large mass of ice that moves slowly.. a large area of land covered with trees and plants, usually larger than a wood, or the trees and plants themselves.. a small area of the sea or other water in which there is a powerful, circular current of water that can pull objects down into its centre.. a wall built across a river that stops the river's flow and collects the water, especially to make a reservoir that provides water for an area.. Hard
Geography Use the hints to figure out the crossword puzzles These are made in subduction zones.. These happen when stress in the Earth's lithosphere become to great, causing the plates to crack ad move along the faults.. Where an earthquake starts.. This kind of Eruption is the opposite of a quiet eruption.(two words). Waves that can travel through solids and liquids.(two words). Hard
Geologic Time an erosional surface in the rock record produced by erosion . layers . same atomic number different number of neutrons same element with a different mass number . the present is the key to the past. makeup an eon. Hard
Geologic Time Term that describes the earth when it was an ice covered frozen planet. . Age of fossils and rock layer when compared to age of fossils and layers above and below them. . Process scientists use to determine the actual age of rocks and other objects.. Earth's long history since it became a planet. . Event during which many species become extinct during a relatively short period of time. . Hard
Geologic Time Scale of a geologic period within the Paleozoic era; comprises lower, middle and Furongian epochs from about 542 to 490 million years ago. Of a geologic era within the Phanerozoic eon that comprises the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. The geologic period within the Mesozoic era that comprises lower and upper epochs. (geology) Of a geologic period within the Neoproterozoic era from about 850 to 600 million years ago.. Of a geologic period within the Neoproterozoic era from about 620 to 542 million years ago.. Hard
Geological a fracture in the earth's crust. a mass of water or ice particles visible in the sky. a large sea wave produced by a submarine earthquake. a natural upward projection of the earth's surface, higher and steeper than a hill and often having a rocky summit.. hot molten rock, usually formed in the earth's upper mantle. Older Children
Geology This looks like a mountain of ice and can erode land. . The movement of sediment and rock by the forces of wind, water, or ice.. This measures what can scratch a rock or mineral by comparing it to other objects. . Forms new rock and land after it erupts. . The process of wearing down rock by moving water, wind, or ice.. Older Children
Geology a break in earth's crust. where plates move together. where plates move apart. where plates slip past each other. formed in the process of cementation. Hard
Geology growing roots widen fractures . hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this.. when a block of dedrock breaks free and fall or bounces down a diff . that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location.. any of a group of minerals that occur as minute sheetlike or fibrous crystals in clay. They are all hydrated aluminosilicates having layered crystal structures.. Hard
Geology unconformity created when sedimentary rock rests on top of igneous or metamorphic rock. deposits that start on the ceiling and form an icicle-like structure hanging down. 'veins' of igneous rock that run in the same direction of the strata. rock formed from sand, silt, minerals, and other components of soil that are laid down by water or some other agent. process by which rock and soild are broken down and transported away. Big
Gold A tiny amount . Permission to prospect for gold. Digging for gold underground . Searching . Itís not gold, but it may look like it . Big
Igneous Rocks light-colored rock. common igneous. flow from volcanoes. form from magma below the surface. intrusive magma. Big
Landforms a smaller form of a valley with steep sides. place where running water makes a sheer drop over a cliff. an area of low and usually level land. a wetland with grasses and little or no trees. a broad, flat or gently rolling area; usually low in elevation.. Big
Layers of the Earth Large fractures in rocks along which movement occurs. Crust found under the oceans. Made of the crust and the upper part of the mantle. How much matter is in a given amount of space. Earth's thinnest, outermost layer. Older Children
Layers of the Earth begins beneath the crust and the lower mantle . one of the five layers of the atmosphere surrounding the planet earth . the crust and the uppermost mantle. the layer of the earth lie below the lithosphere . thin layer of the earth . Older Children
Layers of the Earth a type of fault in which rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or downward motion. the theory that pieces of earth's of earth's lithosphere are in constant motion,driven by convention currents in the mantle . the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. stress that squeezes until it folds or breaks. the name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 years ago and gave rise to todays continents. Big
Layers of The Earth Use the hints below to solve the puzzle. The innermost region of the Earth.. Rock that has solidified from lava or magma.. Also known as the lower mantle; it is a thick layer of strong, solid rock.. This crust forms the landmasses called continents.. The region of the earth's interior between the crust and the core.. Older Children
Limestone What does carbonates react with to form a salt, water and carbon dioxide?. Where is limestone widely used?. What is limestone mainly made of?. What is the reaction called when calcium carbonate breaks down and we heat it to make calcium oxide and carbon dioxide?. If water is added to calcium oxide what should it produce?. Big
Map Terminology a half of the earth, usually divided by the prime meridian or equator. shows the geographic boundaries between governmental units such as countries, states, and are usually hung up in classrooms. a sphere that is usually the earth. east of the prime meridian. usually put on a map to see direction. Hard
Minerals Science Magma high in silicon content.. Name to the given color of a mineral in powdered form.. Property of a mineral to break along planes of weakness.. The scale of hardness used.. Rocks formed from water solutions.. Hard
Minerals mineral breaks along a smooth flat surface. powedered color left behind when mineral is rubbed on unglazed porcelain tile. breaks with rough jagged edges. solid with atoms arranged in an orderly repeating pattern. how easily a mineral can be scratched. Older Children
Minerals To be a mineral it must be formed where?. nonliving. The splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces.. Number of questions you must ask to determine if it is a mineral.. These types of minerals are used in building roads.. Hard
Minerals One mineral component of metalloenzymes . A major deficiency symptom cause by a deficiency of selenium . Minerals required in larger amounts. Caused by an iodine deficiency . Any protein that includes a selenocysetin residue . Big
Minerals Complete the puzzle using the clues below. refers to compounds that do not contain carbon, and not consisting of or deriving from living matter.. the tendency of a mineral to break along flat planar surfaces as determined by the structure of its crystal lattice. true color of the mineral in powdered form. refers to the arrangement, type, and ratio of atoms in molecules of chemical substances.. characteristic of a mineral that gives a distinctive scent if moistened, heated, breathed upon or rubbed.. Hard
Minerals ___________ is a mineral that splits easily into thin, clear cheets.. ___________ has a grey streak.. Minerals can be identified by their ___________________.. ___________ is the color of the powder left behind when you rub a mineral against a white tile called a streak plate.. ___________ hardness scale lists minerals that have a hardness from 1 to 10.. Big
Minerals a mineral used for jewellery. the softest mineral. the hardest mineral. a mineral used for electrical wiring and televisions . when a mineral breaks smoothly . Older Children
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