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Earth Sciences Crosswords

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Title Instructions / Description Sample Puzzle Hints Difficulty
Fossil Complete the crossword with the correct vocabulary words, one letter per square, both across and down, from the given definitions. an object that is made when material is shaped into a mold.. a framework of bones.. the breakdown of rock by wind, rain, or water; how the Grand Canyon was formed.. material that settles at the bottom of the oceans, lakes, or rivers.. ancient extinct elephants; they lived in the Ice Age.. Big
Earth and Space frozen rain drops. a tool used to measure air pressure. an imaginary center line around which the Earth rotates. frormes. the path water takes as it evaporates, condences, falls to Earth, and evaporates. Older Children
Glaciation Name of the process where a glacier drops the material it is carrying. Area of the UK that used to be covered in glaciers. Moving river of ice. In this zone the glacier is melting. Water getting into cracksof rocks, expanding and eventually splitting the rock . Big
Natural Structure A place with little or no rainfall that could be cold or hot.. All of the non-living things in an ecosystem.. There are two different types there is Fresh Water and Salt Water.. This place is cold and have two different type of Biomes The Artic and The Alpine.. A natural environment of an organism or place that is natural for the life and growth of an organism.. Older Children
A Wetland Ecosystem can get warts . sucks blood. cuts down trees. there is allot of these in the trees . very small very fast . Easy
Natural Nature The Sahara ______ is the biggest _____ in the world.. A medium scale of an ecosystem. Something that is a non living factor that shape an ecosystem. The biggest biome in the world is the _______ biome.. A very cold peace of land that is very far away from the equator. And has very short warm seosons. This biome is called _______.. Big
Water on Earth Match words to hints 97% of water on Earth is found in this. The place in which an organism lives and obtains the things it needs to survive. The process by which water falls to Earth as rain, snow, hail, or sleet . Process which water vapors in air cools and becomes droplets. Process of which water absorbs enough energy to change to a gas called water vapor. Big
Marvelous Maples Find the meaning a tall tree with leaves that have five points and turn bright red or yellow in the autumn/fall. Maples grow in northern countries.. of a room, building, etc.) made warmer using a heater. ontaining, or tasting as if it contains, a lot of sugar. of or connected with any of the races of people who were the original people living in America. a sweet liquid made from sugar and water, often used in cans of fruit. Big
Biosphere Extremely hot and dry. . A biome that takes up 75% of the Earth's surface and everything that lives in it.. Any non living factor in an environment. . The permanent destruction of forests to make room for land.. The conversion from an animal habitat to a human habitat.. Big
Earth a Lithosphere Earthquake begins on this point. Boundary separating the earth's inner core from the outer core. The boundary of two sections of rock, which move relative to each other. A scientific theory, saying that earthís lithosphere is thought to be fragmented into several different sections, which 'float' on the plastic rock of the asthenosphere. The upper part of the mantle, which is solid rock, and the crust above it. Big
The Restless Earth The second wave that arrives after an earthquake; can only pass through solid. Magma that reaches the surface . A crack in the Earth's crust. Crust that is under the ocean . Seismic wave that occurs at or near the surface of the Earth. Hard
Natural Resources is a safe place for plants and animals. are natural resources that can have many shapes, sizes and colors . is a big rock. Rocks are made from minerals . is a natural resource that plants, animals and people need to live. happens when rocks or soil are moved by water or wind. Plants can help prevent this.. Older Children
History Of Earth Magma cools and hardens into a mass of igneous rock.. Lava that hardens on the surface.. Thickness of material.. the time taken for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value.. A gap in the geologic record.. Older Children
Major Rivers and Mountain Ranges Fill in the blanks with the correct word or words to complete the puzzle. a chain of mountains located in the eastern United States. this river begins in Pennsylvania and ends at the Mississippi River. this is the longest river in the United States. these are part of the Appalachian Mountain Range. this river begins in Minnesota and flows to the Gulf of Mexico. Older Children
Soil Layers soil made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt; ideal for most plants. the loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surface of the soil. solid layer of rock beneath the soil, soil is always being formed whenever it is exposed. decayed matter in soil. It adds nutrients to soil it is located in the topsoil. clay and other particles washed down from the A horizon, little humus; the B horizon. Older Children
Landforms and Bodies of Water Fast, flowing water over a vertical drop; usually found in the course of a river or stream. A deep valley with very steep sides. It is often 'carved' from the Earth by a river. A frozen 'river' of ice that moves slowly down a mountain. A flat area of land that has a very small change in elevation . A large body of water surrounded by land on all sides. Older Children
Region and Land Form Complete the puzzle below. Called the 'Driftless Area' because glaciers never covered here and there are no real lakes here. Horicon _____; which is located in Eastern Ridges and Lowlands. Region where cities can port in Lake Michigan. There are many lakes and many forests in this region and the soil is rocky. A large body of water surrounded by land. Older Children
Environmental Protection to save . someone who does a job willingly without being paid . a large mass of ice which moves slowly down a mountain valley. to keep animals or plants in order to produce babies or new plants. a type of animal or plant which does not exist anymore. Hard
Shoreline Erosion and Depostion Form when a sea cliff is worn back. An exposed sandbar that is connected to the shoreline. Offshore columns of resistant rock that were once connected to the mainland. Form when wave action continues to erode a sea cave. An underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material. Big
Earth's Landforms deepest parts of the ocean floor. a deep valley with high, steep sides. a map that uses shading to show elevations. a wide, flat area. an underwater mountain. Hard
Fresh Water the streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river. the rain, sleet, snow, and hail that falls from clouds to Earth. the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back. a lake that stores water for human use. the place where an organism lives . Older Children
Land Biomes What are land biomes? Are located near Earth's equator.. Is the main abiotic factor that characterizes a biome.. Biomes are very dry.. Has low average temperatures and very little precipitation.. Taiga plants include blank with are trees that have evergreen, needlelike leaves.. Hard
The Environment General weather conditions in a particular place.. To use again. A chemical or natural substance added to soil . Destruction of forests . Rubbish or waste. Older Children
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife A tree found in Tropical Evergreen type of vegetation. The wildlife sanctuary for elephants . A bird sanctuary in Rajasthan famous for Siberian Birds. This is the pure Indian vegetation. Royal Bengal tiger is found in this delta. Hard
Currents and Climate Solve. Gases that asorb the heat in the atmosphere. different properties at different elevations above sea level. mixture of gases that surrounds the planet. We also call it air. The gases in the air include nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide. Along with water vapor, air allows life to survive.. conditions of the atmosphere at a given time and place. Mass per volume. Big
Energy Transfer/ Water Cycle Answer the following crossword puzzle to the best of your ability! Another word for ______ energy is heat energy. The amount of energy contained in all particles.. a substance that does not transfer heat easily. frozen dew or frozen condensation. Water is the _____ form of water (a state of matter). any form of liquid water in the water cycle from clouds. Examples include rain, snow, sleet , or hail.. Hard
Soil Animal that helps break down soil. Fungi that helps break down compost. Rock layer that is partially broken down. Rich in minerals but has a few dead plants. Lowest layer of soil. Older Children
Earth's Plates Use the clues given to fill in the blanks. Scientists use _____________ samples to learn more about sea-floor spreading.. Scientists use magnetic ___________ to learn about the magnetic pattern on the ocean floor.. A break in Earth's crust where plates have slipped past each other. . When two plates push together, it is called a _________________ boundary.. When two boundaries pull apart, it is called a _____________ boundary.. Big
Botanical Garden the study of living organisms. the basic or inherent features of something. the action of preserving something.. a substance used for destroying insects or other organisms harmful to cultivated plants. held up over something. Hard
Natural Disasters Discover the name of the natural disasters by knowing what they are! a storm of heavy hail.. is a violently rotating column of air that spins while in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are often referred to as twisters, whirlwinds or cyclones.. the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff.. are severe winter storms characterized by heavy snow and strong winds.. Is an overflow of water that 'submerges' land.. Big
Fossils and Volcanoes made up of rock fragments less than 2 mm in diameter. fossils of organisms that were common, lived in many areas and existed only during specific spans of time. magma that has reached Earth's surface. a rapid downhill movement of rock and soil. fossils that are the actual bodies or body parts of organisms . Hard
Wetland Ecosystems a large mass of moving ice up to one mile thick. the most common type of wetland found around Edmonton and central Alberta. rainwater or melting snow that flows over the surface of the ground. _______________ water are a type of wetland that is found on the rolling prairie grassland with water that is less than 2 metres deep. the rising ground that borders a river or lake. Big
The Water Cycle Water Cycle water in the form of a gas. water that flows over the surface of the land but does not evaporate or soak into the ground. water in the atmosphere that falls to Earth as rain, snow, hail or sleet. the constant movement of water between Earth's surface and the atmosphere. when a liquid changes slowly into a gas . Older Children
Energy Sources Complete this the presence in or introduction into the air of a substance which has harmful or poisonous effects.. rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm. when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water. materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.. anything of material value. Hard
The Water Cycle Where water is stored in the sky. Water in gas form. Water caught by builings and vegetation before reaching the ground. The movement of water between stores. The transfer of water droplets to the land. Big
Invertebrates extinct index fossil, spiral shaped shell that extends as they grow, old house buoyancy. extinct cnidarian, made reefs during paleozoic, called 'horn corals'. have 5-fold symmetry, include crinoids, starfish, sea lilies, can grow back missing parts. single cell polyps that built large reef structures with horizontal floor levels. look like plants, stem attaches to sea floor, lots of little feeding arms. Hard
Layers of the Earth a type of fault in which rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or downward motion. the theory that pieces of earth's of earth's lithosphere are in constant motion,driven by convention currents in the mantle . the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. stress that squeezes until it folds or breaks. the name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 years ago and gave rise to todays continents. Big
Geography Hawaii is a place they can errupt but hardly often at all. Always the colour of grass. weather conditions. Smaller than the solar system but bigger than a country . Homophone for sight. Older Children
Land and Water Forms a hill or ridge made of sand that is shaped by the wind. a deep valley with steep sides often carved by a stream or river. a slow-moving and frozen block of ice made from falling snow. a low, watery area at the mouth of a river that is filled with pieces of soil that flow down from the river. a low area of land next to a river that can flood. Older Children
Earth Movements place in Earth where the energy of an earthquake is first released. one of the seven large land masses on Earth. instrument for measuring the strength of an earthquake. crack in Earth's crust. changes the Earth's surface slowly. Big
Earthquake Fill in each section to the best of your ability using your understanding of earthquakes. The amount of shaking on a seismograph. Represented by the height of the largest spike.. True location of the earthquake.. Type of surface wave that moves similar to a ripples of water in the ocean.. Device used to measure the intensity of an earthquake.. A fracture or crack within the Earth's crust that allows movement. . Very Difficult
Layers of the Earth begins beneath the crust and the lower mantle . one of the five layers of the atmosphere surrounding the planet earth . the crust and the uppermost mantle. the layer of the earth lie below the lithosphere . thin layer of the earth . Older Children
Environmental Science : A sequence of organisms through which energy captured from sunlight by photosynthesis is transferred from one consumer to the next. The accumulation of seasonal weather patterns in an area over a long period of time.. Non-living; usually applied to the physical and chemical aspects of an organismís environment. an animal that kills and eats other animals. An individual liable to be, or actually, consumed (killed) by a predator. Big
Volcanoes Solve the cross word. this determines how explosive a volcanoes eruption is. a bowl shaped opening of a volcano. liquid magma that reaches the surface. an area where magma deep in the mantle melts through the crust above it. a volcano that will most likely never erupt again. Hard
Ecosystem Land along a coastline, extending inland from an estuary that is covered with salt water all or part of the year. Examples are marshes, bays, lagoons, tidal flats, and mangrove swamps. a group of organisms interrelated by the fact that each member of the group feeds upon the one below it. symbiotic relationship between two organisms of different species, in which one of the organisms benefits while the other remains unaffected. the sum of all living organisms in a given area.. biome with enough average annual precipitation (at least 76 centimeters,or 30 inches) to support growth of various species of trees and smaller forms of vegetation. Hard
Earth's Systems mostly solid, rocky part of Earth.. is between the thermosphere and stratosphere.. a mixture of mostly invisible gases.. lay er air between the mesosphere and the troposphere.. is the lowest layer of the atmosphere.. Older Children
Earth Science large, bright feature extending outward from the Sun's surface. reaction in which atomic nuclei of low atomic number fuse to form a heavier nucleus with the release of energy.. it makes up about 99% of the body's atoms. it is the center of the sun. each of two regions of intense radiation partly surrounding the earth at heights of several thousand kilometers.. Big
Environmental Issues and Effects Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other halogenated substances (ODS) are mainly responsible for.... the consumption of a resource faster than it can be replenished. Evidence of increasing air pollution is seen in (illness). the rise or fall in the temperature of a natural body of water caused by human influence. caused by the injurious smoke emitted by cars, buses, trucks, trains, and factories. Big
Plant Reproduction crossword puzzle marks the attachment of the ovule to the ovary. a food storage tissue. male reproductive structure. union ofthe sperm and egg cell. pollen producing organ of the flower. Hard
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