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Earth Sciences Crosswords

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Title Instructions / Description Sample Puzzle Hints Difficulty
The Restless Earth The second wave that arrives after an earthquake; can only pass through solid. Magma that reaches the surface . A crack in the Earth's crust. Crust that is under the ocean . Seismic wave that occurs at or near the surface of the Earth. Hard
Natural Resources is a safe place for plants and animals. are natural resources that can have many shapes, sizes and colors . is a big rock. Rocks are made from minerals . is a natural resource that plants, animals and people need to live. happens when rocks or soil are moved by water or wind. Plants can help prevent this.. Older Children
History Of Earth Magma cools and hardens into a mass of igneous rock.. Lava that hardens on the surface.. Thickness of material.. the time taken for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value.. A gap in the geologic record.. Older Children
Major Rivers and Mountain Ranges Fill in the blanks with the correct word or words to complete the puzzle. a chain of mountains located in the eastern United States. this river begins in Pennsylvania and ends at the Mississippi River. this is the longest river in the United States. these are part of the Appalachian Mountain Range. this river begins in Minnesota and flows to the Gulf of Mexico. Older Children
Soil Layers soil made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt; ideal for most plants. the loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surface of the soil. solid layer of rock beneath the soil, soil is always being formed whenever it is exposed. decayed matter in soil. It adds nutrients to soil it is located in the topsoil. clay and other particles washed down from the A horizon, little humus; the B horizon. Older Children
Landforms and Bodies of Water Fast, flowing water over a vertical drop; usually found in the course of a river or stream. A deep valley with very steep sides. It is often 'carved' from the Earth by a river. A frozen 'river' of ice that moves slowly down a mountain. A flat area of land that has a very small change in elevation . A large body of water surrounded by land on all sides. Older Children
Region and Land Form Complete the puzzle below. Called the 'Driftless Area' because glaciers never covered here and there are no real lakes here. Horicon _____; which is located in Eastern Ridges and Lowlands. Region where cities can port in Lake Michigan. There are many lakes and many forests in this region and the soil is rocky. A large body of water surrounded by land. Older Children
Environmental Protection to save . someone who does a job willingly without being paid . a large mass of ice which moves slowly down a mountain valley. to keep animals or plants in order to produce babies or new plants. a type of animal or plant which does not exist anymore. Hard
Shoreline Erosion and Depostion Form when a sea cliff is worn back. An exposed sandbar that is connected to the shoreline. Offshore columns of resistant rock that were once connected to the mainland. Form when wave action continues to erode a sea cave. An underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material. Big
Earth's Landforms deepest parts of the ocean floor. a deep valley with high, steep sides. a map that uses shading to show elevations. a wide, flat area. an underwater mountain. Hard
Fresh Water the streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river. the rain, sleet, snow, and hail that falls from clouds to Earth. the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back. a lake that stores water for human use. the place where an organism lives . Older Children
Land Biomes What are land biomes? Are located near Earth's equator.. Is the main abiotic factor that characterizes a biome.. Biomes are very dry.. Has low average temperatures and very little precipitation.. Taiga plants include blank with are trees that have evergreen, needlelike leaves.. Hard
The Environment General weather conditions in a particular place.. To use again. A chemical or natural substance added to soil . Destruction of forests . Rubbish or waste. Older Children
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife A tree found in Tropical Evergreen type of vegetation. The wildlife sanctuary for elephants . A bird sanctuary in Rajasthan famous for Siberian Birds. This is the pure Indian vegetation. Royal Bengal tiger is found in this delta. Hard
Currents and Climate Solve. Gases that asorb the heat in the atmosphere. different properties at different elevations above sea level. mixture of gases that surrounds the planet. We also call it air. The gases in the air include nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide. Along with water vapor, air allows life to survive.. conditions of the atmosphere at a given time and place. Mass per volume. Big
Energy Transfer/ Water Cycle Answer the following crossword puzzle to the best of your ability! Another word for ______ energy is heat energy. The amount of energy contained in all particles.. a substance that does not transfer heat easily. frozen dew or frozen condensation. Water is the _____ form of water (a state of matter). any form of liquid water in the water cycle from clouds. Examples include rain, snow, sleet , or hail.. Hard
Soil Animal that helps break down soil. Fungi that helps break down compost. Rock layer that is partially broken down. Rich in minerals but has a few dead plants. Lowest layer of soil. Older Children
Natural Resources SOMETHING THAT WOULD RUN OUT SOON. NATURALLY OCCURING WATER THAT IS NOT SALTY. SOMETHING THAT WE CAN MAKE USE OF. NATURAL UNDERGROUND ROCK STRUCTURE THAT HOLDS FRESHWATER. SOMETHING WE CAN KEEP USING AND WON'T RUN OUT. Older Children
Earth's Plates Use the clues given to fill in the blanks. Scientists use _____________ samples to learn more about sea-floor spreading.. Scientists use magnetic ___________ to learn about the magnetic pattern on the ocean floor.. A break in Earth's crust where plates have slipped past each other. . When two plates push together, it is called a _________________ boundary.. When two boundaries pull apart, it is called a _____________ boundary.. Big
Botanical Garden the study of living organisms. the basic or inherent features of something. the action of preserving something.. a substance used for destroying insects or other organisms harmful to cultivated plants. held up over something. Hard
Natural Disasters Discover the name of the natural disasters by knowing what they are! a storm of heavy hail.. is a violently rotating column of air that spins while in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are often referred to as twisters, whirlwinds or cyclones.. the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff.. are severe winter storms characterized by heavy snow and strong winds.. Is an overflow of water that 'submerges' land.. Big
Fossils and Volcanoes made up of rock fragments less than 2 mm in diameter. fossils of organisms that were common, lived in many areas and existed only during specific spans of time. magma that has reached Earth's surface. a rapid downhill movement of rock and soil. fossils that are the actual bodies or body parts of organisms . Hard
Wetland Ecosystems a large mass of moving ice up to one mile thick. the most common type of wetland found around Edmonton and central Alberta. rainwater or melting snow that flows over the surface of the ground. _______________ water are a type of wetland that is found on the rolling prairie grassland with water that is less than 2 metres deep. the rising ground that borders a river or lake. Big
The Water Cycle Water Cycle water in the form of a gas. water that flows over the surface of the land but does not evaporate or soak into the ground. water in the atmosphere that falls to Earth as rain, snow, hail or sleet. the constant movement of water between Earth's surface and the atmosphere. when a liquid changes slowly into a gas . Older Children
Energy Sources Complete this the presence in or introduction into the air of a substance which has harmful or poisonous effects.. rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm. when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water. materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.. anything of material value. Hard
The Water Cycle Where water is stored in the sky. Water in gas form. Water caught by builings and vegetation before reaching the ground. The movement of water between stores. The transfer of water droplets to the land. Big
Invertebrates extinct index fossil, spiral shaped shell that extends as they grow, old house buoyancy. extinct cnidarian, made reefs during paleozoic, called 'horn corals'. have 5-fold symmetry, include crinoids, starfish, sea lilies, can grow back missing parts. single cell polyps that built large reef structures with horizontal floor levels. look like plants, stem attaches to sea floor, lots of little feeding arms. Hard
Layers of the Earth a type of fault in which rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or downward motion. the theory that pieces of earth's of earth's lithosphere are in constant motion,driven by convention currents in the mantle . the hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. stress that squeezes until it folds or breaks. the name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 years ago and gave rise to todays continents. Big
Geography Hawaii is a place they can errupt but hardly often at all. Always the colour of grass. weather conditions. Smaller than the solar system but bigger than a country . Homophone for sight. Older Children
Land and Water Forms a hill or ridge made of sand that is shaped by the wind. a deep valley with steep sides often carved by a stream or river. a slow-moving and frozen block of ice made from falling snow. a low, watery area at the mouth of a river that is filled with pieces of soil that flow down from the river. a low area of land next to a river that can flood. Older Children
Earth Movements place in Earth where the energy of an earthquake is first released. one of the seven large land masses on Earth. instrument for measuring the strength of an earthquake. crack in Earth's crust. changes the Earth's surface slowly. Big
Earthquake Fill in each section to the best of your ability using your understanding of earthquakes. The amount of shaking on a seismograph. Represented by the height of the largest spike.. True location of the earthquake.. Type of surface wave that moves similar to a ripples of water in the ocean.. Device used to measure the intensity of an earthquake.. A fracture or crack within the Earth's crust that allows movement. . Very Difficult
Layers of the Earth begins beneath the crust and the lower mantle . one of the five layers of the atmosphere surrounding the planet earth . the crust and the uppermost mantle. the layer of the earth lie below the lithosphere . thin layer of the earth . Older Children
Environmental Science : A sequence of organisms through which energy captured from sunlight by photosynthesis is transferred from one consumer to the next. The accumulation of seasonal weather patterns in an area over a long period of time.. Non-living; usually applied to the physical and chemical aspects of an organismís environment. an animal that kills and eats other animals. An individual liable to be, or actually, consumed (killed) by a predator. Big
Volcanoes Solve the cross word. this determines how explosive a volcanoes eruption is. a bowl shaped opening of a volcano. liquid magma that reaches the surface. an area where magma deep in the mantle melts through the crust above it. a volcano that will most likely never erupt again. Hard
Ecosystem Land along a coastline, extending inland from an estuary that is covered with salt water all or part of the year. Examples are marshes, bays, lagoons, tidal flats, and mangrove swamps. a group of organisms interrelated by the fact that each member of the group feeds upon the one below it. symbiotic relationship between two organisms of different species, in which one of the organisms benefits while the other remains unaffected. the sum of all living organisms in a given area.. biome with enough average annual precipitation (at least 76 centimeters,or 30 inches) to support growth of various species of trees and smaller forms of vegetation. Hard
Earth's Systems mostly solid, rocky part of Earth.. is between the thermosphere and stratosphere.. a mixture of mostly invisible gases.. lay er air between the mesosphere and the troposphere.. is the lowest layer of the atmosphere.. Older Children
Earth Science large, bright feature extending outward from the Sun's surface. reaction in which atomic nuclei of low atomic number fuse to form a heavier nucleus with the release of energy.. it makes up about 99% of the body's atoms. it is the center of the sun. each of two regions of intense radiation partly surrounding the earth at heights of several thousand kilometers.. Big
Environmental Issues and Effects Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other halogenated substances (ODS) are mainly responsible for.... the consumption of a resource faster than it can be replenished. Evidence of increasing air pollution is seen in (illness). the rise or fall in the temperature of a natural body of water caused by human influence. caused by the injurious smoke emitted by cars, buses, trucks, trains, and factories. Big
Plant Reproduction crossword puzzle marks the attachment of the ovule to the ovary. a food storage tissue. male reproductive structure. union ofthe sperm and egg cell. pollen producing organ of the flower. Hard
Earth and Space Use the 'Earth and Space' clues to work out the crossword. Dude in space. Enables communication on earth. Twinkle, twinkle little ______. Meeting point of astronauts. Orbiter of the sun. Very Difficult
Volcanos a material found in magma that is formed from the elements oxygen and silicon. its the primary substance of earths crust and mantle. liquid magma that reaches the surface. a bowl shaped area that forms around a volcanos central opening. an area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through the crust above it. term used to describe a volcano that is no longer active and unlikley to erupt again. Hard
Coasts When the sea loses energy, it drops the sand, rock particles and pebbles that it has been carrying, depositing them.. A weaker wave. Adding more sand or shingle widens the beach and waves lose power travelling across it. Waves can erode the coastline in a similar way to the water in rivers. This usually occurs when the sea takes lots of energy from the power of destructive waves.. This may be formed behind a spit. Hard
Climate Change /Energy Resources Present in fixed amounts and cannot be replenished over short time spans human lifetime. Naturally replaced by the growth of organisms or by natural physical processes. The use of dams for storing water and using gravity to generate kinetic energy. Energy that travels through space in waves form are called . This is expressed as a percentage or decimal fraction of total incoming energy that is reflected from a surface. Big
Ecosystem Interaction and Change an organism which makes its own food through photosynthesis. this type of succession happens in an area that has been damaged but still has soil. the hunter. this type of succession happens in an area that was previously barren rock. meat eater. Big
Systems: Earth the geological process in which sediments, soil and rocks are added to a landform through wind or ice. the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period of time. a limited supply of a resource. The supply comes from the earth itself, and it takes millions of years to develop. the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle. a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms. Big
Lithosphere A long, narrow depression in the sea floor running parallel to a plate boundary. The process that sand and soil go through to get added to a land mass.. Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure.. P-waves are a type of elastic wave, and are one of the two main types of elastic body waves, called seismic waves in seismology, that travel through a continuum and are the first waves from an earthquake to arrive at a seismograph.. A break in a body of rock.. Big
Waves Used to split up and diffract light projected against it. Property of a sound waver that determines pitch. Property of a sound wave that determines loudness. n1 x sinƟ1 = n2 x sinƟ2. Part of a sting that does not move in a standing wave. Very Difficult
Physical Processes Crossword on Physical Processess acting on coasts. Material is laid down when waves do not have enough energy to carry it anymore.. Acidic rainwater causes rocks to gradually weaken. Repeated freezing and thawing of water in cracks.. Plants grow in cracks and weaken the rocks. Water soaks into permeable rocks and that weaker rock slides off impermeable rock. Big
Climate Change a gas produced in landfills and rice fields. a food produced near . a group of people who travel together in a car. something that causesdamage to the environment. a gas produced by burning fossil fuels. Big
 
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